Policy Uncertainty, Earnings Management, and the Role of Political Connections 

Political decisions shape the operating environment for the economy as well as the individual firm. Political and regulatory reactions to the Global Financial Crisis, government shutdowns, or major tax reforms number prominently among them. As reactions from political actors are rarely clear-cut ex ante, grave crises give rise to political uncertainty.  Political uncertainty affects economic […]

Does CSR Engender Trust? Evidence From Investor Reactions to Corporate Disclosures

Growth in corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices is an undeniable fact of modern business. 90% of S&P 500 firms published a corporate sustainability report in 2020, up from merely 20% in 2011. As more and more firms adopt CSR practices, a key question emerges: how do such activities impact investor perceptions of firms? Proponents of […]

Mutual Fund Liquidity Management, Stock Liquidity, and Corporate Disclosure

“Lessons from COVID-19: Liquidity Risk Management is Central to Open-Ended Funds.” —BlackRock (2020) “Liquidity risk management programs (LRMPs) will be a focus area for the Division.” —SEC (2021) Mutual fund liquidity management has become increasingly important since the financial crisis of 2007–2009, during which regulators and practitioners raised concerns about whether mutual fund portfolios had […]

How Policymakers Can Defuse a Major ESG Threat to Shareholder Rights

Since 2004, when the term “ESG” was first used in a report published by the United Nations Global Compact, there has been an explosion of interest in the concept, including in corporate boardrooms. The Global Compact, in a follow-up report the next year, described the emergence of ESG corporate policies as a “powerful and historic convergence … between the objectives […]