Does Auditor Litigation Risk Affect Corporate Investments? 

To what extent can the risk of litigation against auditors be beneficial or harmful to companies? Auditors play an important role in financial contracting by certifying the credibility and reliability of financial statements that third parties rely upon. Increased risk of liability claims against auditors by third parties could result in huge financial costs and […]

Regulating Sustainability Risk and Sustainable Investments in Europe

The emergence of EU sustainable finance policy is a product of a new world reality characterized by increasingly degrading environmental and social conditions on one hand,[1] and deeper awareness of the substantial damage to people and property that flows from these phenomena on the other.[2] Sustainable finance policy provides critical solutions to these serious problems by improving the […]

State Ownership and Corporate Leverage around the World

Corporate indebtedness has risen sharply in the wake of the global financial crisis as low interest rates enticed many firms to issue bonds and borrow from banks. This debt surge occurred in developed countries and emerging markets alike. As a result, the total debt of non-financial companies increased from 84 percent of global GDP in […]

Corporate Hedging, Family Firms, and CEO Identity  

Hedging marketable risks is a strategic corporate decision. Locking in interest rates, exchange rates, and commodity prices allows the firm’s expected cash flows and margins to be protected against unexpected changes in these variables. For example, firms that strategically hedged against severe energy price changes are now relatively shielded from surging prices. Most empirical studies […]

Cheap Stock Options: Antecedents and Outcomes

Between August and February of 2011, Pandora Media granted over six million stock options, each with an exercise price of $3.14. Pandora stated this exercise price was greater than or equal to the fair market value of its common stock. Five months later, on June 14, 2011, Pandora completed its initial public offering (IPO), issuing […]

How do Consumers Respond to Corporate Bankruptcy?

Firms rely extensively on debt financing. While debt has many benefits, value can be destroyed when lenders worry they will not be repaid. For example, a firm at risk of liquidating may lose customers who derive utility from future interactions with a stable business. Likewise, a firm may be perceived by consumers as having low […]

Capital Markets and Corporate Governance Standards

Corporate governance has over time moved from being a peripheral to a central issue for capital markets regulation. Our recent research focuses on how that transformation has occurred in the UK and how it has adjusted the default provisions of UK corporate law.   We begin with the observation that corporate governance was not a significant […]

“Clickbait” Compliance and ISO Standard-Setting 

A curious development has emerged in the world of corporate compliance. In recent years, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the world’s leading private standard-setter, has been developing a flurry of new compliance-related international standards. These standards range from specific risk areas, such as anti-bribery (ISO 37001) and whistleblowing (ISO 37002), to broader concerns, such […]

Third-Party Litigation Finance and Public Capital Markets: The Case of the Muddy Waters Short Attack on Burford Capital

Imagine a company that invests in a portfolio of long-term financial assets. This company’s asset portfolio is, relative to the asset management industry, highly concentrated—a circumstance which naturally heightens the appetite of the company’s own investors to know more details of the assets in the portfolio. The company operates in an adolescent industry, and neither […]

Policy Uncertainty, Earnings Management, and the Role of Political Connections 

Political decisions shape the operating environment for the economy as well as the individual firm. Political and regulatory reactions to the Global Financial Crisis, government shutdowns, or major tax reforms number prominently among them. As reactions from political actors are rarely clear-cut ex ante, grave crises give rise to political uncertainty.  Political uncertainty affects economic […]