Mutual Fund Liquidity Management, Stock Liquidity, and Corporate Disclosure

“Lessons from COVID-19: Liquidity Risk Management is Central to Open-Ended Funds.” —BlackRock (2020) “Liquidity risk management programs (LRMPs) will be a focus area for the Division.” —SEC (2021) Mutual fund liquidity management has become increasingly important since the financial crisis of 2007–2009, during which regulators and practitioners raised concerns about whether mutual fund portfolios had […]

Corporate Governance at Play: Between Law and Its Perception

When firms go through an Initial Public Offering (IPO), their corporate governance changes by becoming more complex to reflect the requirements of a public firm. At the same time, there are many mechanisms at play due to the presence of different categories of owners: insiders vs. outsiders, founders vs. venture capital investors, etc. Therefore, the […]

SEC Climate Risk Disclosure Comment Letter: Executive Summary

Climate change poses serious risks to almost every aspect of the economy, and its impacts will have long-term disruptive effects on financial markets around the world. Currently, these risks are not adequately addressed by financial regulators in the United States. As a result, climate-related information is not accurately incorporated into financial markets, leaving firms, investors, […]

Cruel and Unusual Circumstances: The Fed’s Use and Misuse of Penalty Rates

After a political and legislative showdown at the end of 2020, Congress closed the Fed’s most novel Section 13(3) emergency lending facilities—the ones aimed most directly at Main Street. These facilities—supported by Treasury funds allocated by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act—lent only a fraction of their stated maximum lending limits, leaving many criticizing the programs’ overly punitive […]

The Role of Academic Research in SEC Rulemaking: Evidence from Business Roundtable v. SEC

In our paper, “The Role of Academic Research in SEC Rulemaking: Evidence from Business Roundtable v. SEC,” we examine the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (SEC) use of academic research in its rulemaking. We focus on the DC District Court’s decision in Business Roundtable v. SEC (2011) to strike down the proxy-access rule, which was promulgated by the SEC […]

Green Urban Development: The Impact Investment Strategy of Canadian Pension Funds

With the global push toward sustainable investment, investors are concerned about whether the cost of investing green will result in lower portfolio returns in the long term. Are there win-win strategies where green investments can generate high returns alongside positive environmental impact? Our new paper, funded by the National Pension Hub at the Global Risk Institute, […]

What Kind of Asset is Our Digital Personal Data?

“It was the ‘Wizard of Oz’ in digital format as the four titans of Big Tech testified via video before the House Antitrust Subcommittee. Just like in the movie, what the subcommittee saw was controlled by a force hidden from view. The wizard in this case – the reason these four companies are so powerful […]

Banks Have Sticky Preferences for Loan Contract Design: Lender-Side Determinants of Debt Covenant Inclusion

            Banks develop expertise from their prior lending experience in monitoring borrowers’ financial activities in order to mitigate conflicts of interests between managers and creditors arising from asymmetric information. In loan contracts, covenants have classically been viewed as a method of controlling agency problems by restricting managerial behavior.[1] Covenants can align the interests of the contracting […]

A Trip Down Crypto’s Memory Lane

Last month, I published an op-ed in the Wall Street Journal that argued for a ban on cryptocurrency in order to combat the ransomware plague that is devastating our economy and businesses across the country. My premise is simple. Cryptocurrency has been around for over a decade; that is more than enough time for us to take […]

Should a Company Reveal That it is Evaluating “Strategic Alternatives”?

Seeking “strategic alternatives” is industry jargon for considering a potential sale or merger. During this process, the company gauges interest from potential acquirers. From 1990 to 2018, there were more than 1,200 announcements made by public companies revealing that they were reviewing strategic alternatives (examples here and here). Before deciding whether to disclose this information voluntarily, via a […]